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I returned to explore the abandoned Soviet-era Buran space shuttles in the middle of the Kazakhstan desert. The adventure of a lifetime – a second time. It's an 80km (50 mile) hike across unforgiving terrain, mostly undercover of the night. The adventure requires crossing into Russian territory and evading armed Russian military patrols. And, this time, we were exposed to sub-zero temperatures. This video includes the first-ever 4K complete tour around the space shuttles. See the Ptichka orbiter – 95% complete for space flight – up close like never before. It's an incredible work of engineering to behold. S O C I A L M E D I A Instagram ⇢ 🤍 X ⇢ 🤍 A B O U T Past the Present Future is a film series by globally recognized photographer Chris Luckhardt. The series views the PAST through a lens in the PRESENT with an eye to FUTURE development. B I O G R A P H Y Chris Luckhardt has documented and photographed some of the most iconic and viral images of abandoned places around the world. He was among the first photographers to publish photos in the press from legendary abandoned places like Hashima Island, Nara Dreamland, Michigan Central Station, and Six Flags New Orleans. His body of work has led to interviews and collaborations with The White House, Netflix, Ford, GQ China, ABC News, Good Morning America, Scholastic Canada, Yahoo Japan, and many more. In 2016, the Obama administration invited Chris to photograph a private citizen "haunted" tour of The White House. A D D I T I O N A L F O O T A G E Footage from August 1995 courtesy of Buran.ru. #Space #Soviet #SpaceShuttle #Buran #Abandoned #AbandonedPlaces #NASA #SpaceX #PastThePresentFuture #ChrisLuckhardt #Urbex #UrbanExploration
Dark5's new channel! Subscribe to Dark Docs: 🤍 Presenting Russia's Abandoned Buran: The Lost Soviet Space Shuttle DarkDocs is a new narrated documentary video from Dark5 taking an in-depth look at at some of the most mysterious stories on Earth. This week: Why did Russia Abandon a Space Shuttle in the Desert? Some experts believe Russia may have built the most sophisticated space plane to ever fly, but it sat for years lost in the desert after only one launch. How did these Soviet Space shuttle clone top its NASA American counterpart, and why did it never fly with its Energia rocket again? - As images and footage of actual events are not always available, Dark Docs sometimes utilizes similar historical images and footage for dramatic effect. All content on Dark Docs is researched, produced, and presented in historical context for educational purposes. -
Join me in a guided tour around the Soviet Buran class spaceplane orbiter on display at Technic Museum Speyer in Germany. Includes footage inside the cargo bay and cockpit. There are two Technik Museums 30 minutes from each other (I assumed they were the same until a few weeks beforehand). Speyer: (Buran, 747 and more) 🤍 Sinsheim: (Tu144-, Concorde, Ferrari F40 and more) 🤍 NASA Space Shuttle Orbitor tour: 🤍 Shuttle Carrier Aircraft B747 tour: 🤍 Tour around a Saturn V rocket in Houston: 🤍 Other similar videos: Tour around an Avro Vulcan: 🤍 Air Force One tour - SAM 26000 VC-137C: 🤍 Lockheed VC-121E “Columbine III”: 🤍 Douglas VC-54C “Sacred Cow” : 🤍 The first Boeing 737 tour: 🤍 The first Boeing 727 tour: 🤍 Tour around the first Boeing 747 in Seattle: 🤍 Lockheed YF-12A tour: 🤍 Tour around the Northrop YF-23 in Dayton: 🤍 Detailed tour around the Lockheed F-22 Raptor: 🤍 F-117 Nighthawk: 🤍 NASA Shuttle Carrier Aircraft 747-100: 🤍 Space Shuttle Orbiter: 🤍 Hughes H-4 Hercules "Spruce Goose": 🤍 Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress: 🤍 Boeing B-29 Superfortress: 🤍 Convair B-36 Peacemaker: 🤍 Boeing B-47 Stratojet: 🤍 Convair B-58 Hustler: 🤍 North American XB-70 Valkryie: 🤍 North American X-15: 🤍 BAC Concorde: 🤍 Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird: 🤍 Northrop Grumman B-2 Spirit: 🤍 Grumman F-14 Tomcat: 🤍 Tour around a Titan II missile silo on Tucson: 🤍 Tour through an AVRO Lancaster bomber: 🤍 Tour through a QANTAS Boeing 747-200B: 🤍 Tour through a QANTAS Boeing 707-138: 🤍 Tour through a QANTAS Lockheed Super Constellation: 🤍 Tour through a Douglas DC-3: 🤍 Tour through a USAF Boeing B-52: 🤍 USAF/RAAF General Dynamics F-111: 🤍 RAAF CAC Avon Sabre: 🤍 RAAC CAC Dassault Mirage III: 🤍 100 years of QANTAS aircraft on display at the Qantas Founders Museum: 🤍 Tour through the first ever Boeing 747 in Seattle: 🤍 Tour through Concorde: 🤍 Tour through a VC-137B - Air Force One: 🤍 Onboard the LAST EVER Qantas Boeing 747 flight in Canberra: 🤍 Tour through a DeHavilland Comet 4 at the Duxford IMW: 🤍 Tour through the Museum of Flight in Seattle: 🤍 I have two Youtube channels: Paul Stewart (aviation travel vlogs): 🤍 Paul Stewart EXTRA (unedited inflight aviation footage): 🤍 Check out my Instagram account: 🤍paulstewartaviation ( 🤍 ) and Facebook: 🤍 If you enjoy this videos and want to see more, you can send me a donation via Paypal :) 🤍 #airplane #plane #plane 0:00 introduction 0:30 background 0:50 nose 1:20 ejector seats 1:50 landing gear and heat resistant material 2:18 double delta wing 3:16 rear section and turbofans 5:11 inside rear section 6:20 elevons 7:20 cargo bay and cockpit
Music: Звездный Пегас - Сквозь звезды Buran was the first spaceplane to be produced as part of the Soviet/Russian Buran programme. Besides describing the first operational Soviet/Russian shuttle orbiter, "Buran" was also the designation for the entire Soviet/Russian spaceplane project and its orbiters, which were known as "Buran-class orbiters". The only orbital launch of a Buran-class orbiter, 1K1 occurred at 03:00:02 UTC on 15 November 1988 from Baikonur Cosmodrome launch pad 110/37. Buran was lifted into space, on an uncrewed mission, by the specially designed Energia rocket. The automated launch sequence performed as specified, and the Energia rocket lifted the vehicle into a temporary orbit before the orbiter separated as programmed. After boosting itself to a higher orbit and completing two orbits around the Earth, the ODU engines fired automatically to begin the descent into the atmosphere, return to the launch site, and horizontal landing on a runway. After making an automated approach to Site 251, Buran touched down under its own control at 06:24:42 UTC and came to a stop at 06:25:24, 206 minutes after launch. Despite a lateral wind speed of 61.2 kilometres per hour (38.0 mph), Buran landed only 3 metres (9.8 ft) laterally and 10 metres (33 ft) longitudinally from the target mark. It was the first spaceplane to perform an uncrewed flight, including landing in fully automatic mode. It was later found that Buran had lost only eight of its 38,000 thermal tiles over the course of its flight.
The first 1000 primal space viewers to use this link will get a one-month free trial of Skillshare Premium 🤍 In the mid 1970’s, the Soviet Union felt threatened after hearing that the Americans were working on a winged space vehicle. Although the US and the Soviet Union had periods of healthy cooperation in the past, they also had a history of intense competition when it came to space. The Soviets held the record for launching the first satellite into orbit, but America managed to beat them to the Moon. This video looks at how the Soviets managed to get their hands on important Shuttle documents in order to create an even more advanced version of the Space Shuttle called the Buran. Thanks to the following channels for their awesome footage! Hazegrayart - 🤍 Exploring the Unbeaten Path - 🤍 References: 🤍 Thanks for watching this Primal Space video. If you enjoyed it, let me know in the comments below and don't forget to subscribe so you can see more videos like this! Support Primal Space by becoming a Patron! 🤍 Twitter: 🤍 Music used in this video: » Infinite Perspective - Kevin MacLeod » From Russia With Love - Huma Huma » Soviet March - Shane Ivers » Cloud Wheels Castle Builder - Puddle of Infinity » Back To Vik - Text Me Records Credits: Written and edited by Ewan Cunningham (🤍 Narrated by: Beau Stucki #SovietUnion #SpaceShuttle #Buran
💥Check out our books, over 800 pictures taken in 70 countries of the best abandoned places worldwide with info & history: 🤍 💥 Our most epic & thrilling explore in 15 years ! NL and ENG subs ! Sorry for not uploading for a while, 30% of my footage shot here was corrupt. It took a lot of time to retrieve a bit of the material. Our craziest and most dangerous urbex adventure ever to the abandoned Soviet Space Shuttles in Baikonur ! The Buran project was the most expensive space project in the Russian history. The project stopped in 1993 due the fall of the Soviet Union. If you love our video's and want to see exclusive locations or support us visit: 🤍 For pictures of the coolest abandoned places worldwide check: 🤍 Or follow 🤍 🤍 Distant Tension van Kevin MacLeod is gelicentieerd onder een Creative Commons Attribution-licentie (🤍 Bron: 🤍 Artiest: 🤍 At the Foot of the Sphinx and Hero's Theme van Twin Musicom is gelicentieerd onder een Creative Commons Attribution-licentie (🤍 Artiest: 🤍
If you thought the Buran, the Soviet space shuttle was just a copy of the US one, then think again. Although it looked very similar, under the hood it was very different and in many ways better than the US original. Here we will see some of the reasons why Buran was Space shuttle 2.0 Patreon : 🤍 Paypal.me : 🤍 Sponsored by : Symon Hamer, Florian Hesse, Bernt-Olov HellstrÃm, Tayar Jundi, Johan Rombaut, Tobias Pettersson, Kevin Hinnen, Mitchel J. Mullin II, Lucius Kwok, Hunter Schwisow, Pyloric, Seb Stoodley, Peter Cote, Cody Belichesky, Mogoreanu Daniel, Douglas Gustafson, Marcus Chiado, Jorn Magnus Karlsen. Presented by Paul Shillito Written & Reseached by Andy Munzer Additional Material by Paul Shillito Footage and images : buran-energia.com, NASA, Ralph Mirebs, arminschieb.com, Ted Thompson/KSP Music : Response Data by P C III is licensed under a Attribution License. Based on a work at 🤍pipechoir.com Source : 🤍
*I WENT BACK IN 2022! WATCH HERE* ⇢ 🤍 Instagram ⇢ 🤍 In November 1988, the Soviet Union launched the first and only orbital mission of their VKK Space Orbiter programme, commonly known as the Buran programme. The Buran programme was a direct Soviet response to a perceived military threat by the US space shuttle program. But despite visual similarities and the KGB's ability to acquire unclassified NASA documentation, there were key engineering improvements. The primary difference was that the Buran launched, performed two orbits, and landed autonomously. But with the collapse of the Soviet Union and subsequent funding issues, Russia officially cancelled the Buran programme in 1993. The Buran orbital shuttle, the 95% complete Ptichka shuttle, and a full-sized engineering mockup were stored in hangars at the Baikonur Cosmodrome. In 2002, a hangar collapse destroyed the Buran orbiter and tragically killed eight workers. The other shuttles remained in their nearby hangar, undisturbed. Although many people in the space community were aware of the location and fate of the unfinished orbiter and test shuttles, the story of one of humanity's greatest achievements faded into obscurity as the years passed. But that all changed in 2015. A Russian man succeeded in making the dangerous journey to the derelict hangar and revealed the current status of the shuttles to the world. Upon hearing his story and having wondered about the abandoned shuttles after the Buran collapse, I knew as a space enthusiast and explorer of abandoned places that I had to see them up close. This is the journey of a lifetime to explore the abandoned Soviet space shuttles. Let's go exploring past the present future. M U S I C ⇢ Intro Music – "Space Race" ⇢ Outro Music – "Keep Exploring" ⇢ Theme Music – "Past the Present Future" ⇢ All music written, performed, recorded, and engineered by Chris Luckhardt. A P P E A R I N G ⇢ rantropolis / 然潘 A D D I T I O N A L F O O T A G E Footage courtesy of Ran Pan, NASA, and Buran.ru. B I O G R A P H Y Chris Luckhardt has documented and photographed some of the most iconic and viral images of abandoned places around the world. He was among the first photographers to publish photos in the press from legendary abandoned places like Hashima Island, Nara Dreamland, Michigan Central Station, and Six Flags New Orleans. His body of work has led to collaborations with The White House, Netflix, Ford, GQ China, ABC News, Good Morning America, Scholastic Canada, Yahoo! Japan, and many more. In 2016, the Obama administration invited Chris to photograph a private citizen "haunted" tour of The White House. #SpaceShuttle #Buran #Baikonur #PastThePresentFuture #ChrisLuckhardt #Abandoned #UrbanExploration
The Buran (Snowstorm or Blizzard in Russian) spacecraft made its only flight on the 15th of November, 1988. This flight was completely unmanned. The interesting footage of the orbiter's landing was taken to make this video clip. 15 November 1988 - I remember, I'm proud of it.
"..The only orbital launch of Buran occurred on 15 November 1988 from Baikonur Cosmodrome Site 110/37. It was lifted into orbit unmanned by the specially designed Energia rocket, which to this day remains the heaviest rocket running on liquid fuel. Unlike the NASA Shuttle, which was propelled by a combination of solid boosters and the Shuttle's own liquid-fuel engines fueled from a large fuel tank, the Energia-Buran system used only thrust from the rocket's four RD-170 liquid oxygen/kerosene engines developed by Valentin Glushko and another four RD-0120 liquid oxygen/liquid hydrogen engines. From the very beginning Buran was intended to be used in both fully automatic and manual mode..." "..The main differences between the space aeroplane Buran and Suttle-orbiter are follows: - the automatic landing of Buran from orbit onto airdrome; - the absence ot the main rocket engine on the orbital aeroplane. The main engine was placed onto a central block of a carrier-rocket ENERGIA which is able to launch into an orbit 120 tonns of payload against 30 tonns for Space Shuttle; - the hight lift-drag ratio of the space aeroplane Buran is 6.5 against 5.5 for Space Shuttle; - the space aeroplane Buran returned 20 tonns of payloads against 15 tonns for Space Shuttle orbiter from an orbit to an aerodrome; - the cutting lay-out pattern of thermoprotection tiles of Buran is optimal and longitudinal slits of tile belts are orthogonal to the flow line. Sharp angles of tiles are absent. The tile belts of the Buran fuselage and fin have an optimal position..."
Was the Soviet Space Shuttle Better: The Buran Check out these previous videos: Russia's Tu 95 Bear is a Monster You Never Want to See - 🤍 Mil 26 Halo: Worlds Largest Helicopter - 🤍 AC-130: The Angel of Death - 🤍 ▶ SUBSCRIBE to Vapored Skies for more WEEKLY videos: 🤍
Buran was the space shuttle developed by the Soviet Union with its first and only launch on November 15, 1988. The mission included only two Earth orbits and was unmanned. Welcome to the Shuttlesource space shuttle video archive highlighting rare and exclusive video celebrating the program's 30-year history. Created for shuttle enthusiasts, historians or video creators, this project seeks to preserve and release original shuttle mission video for the historical record. Started in 2003 after the Columbia accident, I began the collection as a simple quest to watch some of the earlier program mission video which at that time was simply not available on the internet. With the help of private enthusiasts and NASA, I have now amassed a collection of over 2,000 hours covering every shuttle mission. Over time, this full collection is slowly being converted to a digital format and released. Thanks to all who have contributed your old and beaten VHS tapes and for those still with tapes sitting in a box please reach out. Enjoy the videos! Facebook: 🤍
Please consider supporting our videos on Patreon 🤍 The Buran meaning “snowstorm” in Russian was the Soviet Union’s response to NASA's space shuttle program. Copyright: DO NOT reupload our content on Youtube or other social media without expressed permission. SIMPLE HISTORY MERCHANDISE Get the SImple History books on Amazon: 🤍 T-Shirts 🤍 Simple history gives you the facts, simple! See the book collection here: Amazon USA 🤍 Amazon UK 🤍 🤍 🤍 🤍 Credit: Created by Daniel Turner Narrator: Mike Joseph Music Credit Space Station Experience by Unicorn Heads
Watch More Mustard Videos & Support The Channel: 🤍 Support Mustard on Patreon: 🤍 Mustard Merchandise: 🤍 Instagram: 🤍 TikTok: 🤍 Facebook: 🤍 Twitter: 🤍 Website: 🤍 On November 15, 1988, the world learned that the Soviet Union also had their own space shuttle. It had been secretly under development for well over a decade and it had cost the Soviets billions to build it. Several of the spacecraft were in various stages of construction. But the Soviet shuttle, named the Buran, would only ever launch once. Its development had largely been driven by the need to respond to the perceived military potential of the NASA Space Shuttle. When the Buran was first launched, the world speculated that it would be used to build Soviet space stations or even assemble spacecraft for a manned mars mission. But as the Soviet Union began to collapse, funding for the Buran program was limited and eventually eliminated. There’s no denying that the Buran looks very similar to the Space Shuttle. But in many ways, the Buran was quite different from the NASA Space Shuttle. The Buran orbiter didn’t have integrated main engines. Almost all of its lifting power was provided by a separate super-heavy rocket called Energia, which consisted of a core stage and 4 liquid-fueled boosters. Unlike the Space shuttle, which was a single system, the Buran orbiter, and its lifting rockets were actually two separate systems. While the Shuttle, with its integrated engines, was more reusable, in practice, it required intensive maintenance between launches, which offset a lot of this advantage. But once in space, the Space Shuttle’s integrated engines no longer served a purpose. So, for most of the Shuttle’s mission, it was forced to haul around thousands of pounds of dead weight. Without integrated engines, the Buran could carry slightly more payload than the American Space Shuttle. But the Energia rocket could launch by itself, without the Buran attached. That meant it could carry external payloads into space, and could launch an astounding 100 tons. From the outset, the Buran was also capable of fully automated flight, meaning it could be launched, put into orbit and returned back to earth without any crew on board. In the final days of the Soviet Union, when it was clear that the American shuttle had no meaningful military potential, the Soviet military no longer wanted anything to do with the Buran. The Soviet space community was left with a spacecraft that was expensive, complex, and largely without a real purpose. #Buran #SpaceRace #Spaceships #SovietSpaceProgram Further Research: We highly recommend the book ‘Energiya-Buran: The Soviet Space Shuttle’ by Bart Hendrickx and Bert Vis. The book was an extremely useful resource in researching this video. You will not find a more detailed or comprehensive look on the Buran program, covering everything from the program’s conception to its legacy: 🤍 Thanks for watching! Please Like, Comment and Subscribe!
🤍 Buran (Russian: Буран, meaning "Snowstorm" or "Blizzard"; GRAU index serial number: 11F35 1K, construction number: 1.01) was the first spaceplane to be produced as part of the Soviet/Russian Buran program. Besides describing the first operational Soviet/Russian shuttle orbiter, "Buran" was also the designation for the entire Soviet/Russian spaceplane project and its orbiters, which were known as "Buran-class orbiters". Buran completed one uncrewed spaceflight in 1988, and was destroyed in the 2002 collapse of its storage hangar. The Buran-class orbiters used the expendable Energia rocket, a class of super heavy-lift launch vehicle. ⚠Get more interesting and educational materials on our website and social networks pages! Our site: 🤍 We are on VK: 🤍 We are on Instagram: 🤍 We are in telegram: 🤍 We are waiting for you, colleague! ✅
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🇷🇺Since we began exploring the former USSR we have discovered all kinds of wonderful examples of Soviet art and technology. However this time I went in search of the biggest prize of all…I just didn’t realise it would cause such a fuss as it did. Glory to the Soviet space engineers and cosmonauts! Glory to the Buran! Check out the Instagram 🤍lanasator for some great photos from Buran and other areas of the former USSR. Without her advice and knowledge this video wouldn’t have been possible.
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The US Space Shuttle was an iconic spacecraft and a workhorse for the US space program, but did you know that the Soviet Union also built their own Space Shuttle type spacecraft known as the Buran. Russia and the Soviet Union planned an entire fleet of Buran class orbiters that would fly attached to their Energia rocket which was a powerful and versatile rocket. Many argue that the Buran was actually a huge upgrade to the US Space Shuttle program and was known as Shuttle 2.0. What do you think? #SpaceShuttle #Buran #olhzn2MT Connect with me here ➡ 🤍 MEMBERS GET BONUS CONTENT & EXCLUSIVE ACCESS Patreon ➡ 🤍 YouTube ➡ 🤍 MERCH STORE ➡ 🤍
The Buran programme ("Blizzard") was a Soviet and later Russian reusable spacecraft project that began in 1974 at the Central Aerohydrodynamic Institute and was formally suspended in 1993. In addition to being the designation for the whole Soviet/Russian reusable spacecraft project, Buran was also the name given to Orbiter K1, which completed one unmanned spaceflight in 1988 and was the only Soviet reusable spacecraft to be launched into space. The Buran-class space shuttle orbiters used the expendable Energia rocket as a launch vehicle. They are generally treated as a Soviet equivalent of the United States' Space Shuttle but in the Buran project, only the airplane-shaped orbiter itself was theoretically reusable, and while Orbiter K1 was recovered successfully after its first orbital flight in 1988, it was never reused.
The space race was a heated time in history during the Cold War between Russia and the United States, with each nation trying to advance further than the other in reaching new heights with their space programs in particular. The Russians had the upper hand, until America went all out designing a space shuttle that could go to the moon. This made Russia furious and they sent spies to try and steal the American space shuttle designs! Check out this new amazing video all about the battle between Russia and the US to reach for the stars! 🔔 SUBSCRIBE TO THE INFOGRAPHICS SHOW ► 🤍 🔖 MY SOCIAL PAGES TikTok ► 🤍 Discord ► 🤍 Facebook ► 🤍 Twitter ► 🤍 💭 SUGGEST A TOPIC 🤍 📝 SOURCES: 🤍 All videos are based on publicly available information unless otherwise noted.
Buran (11F35 K1) completed one unmanned spaceflight in 1988. The Buran used the expendable Energia rocket, a class of super heavy-lift launch vehicle. The only orbital launch of a Buran-class orbiter occurred at 03:00:02 UTC on 15 November 1988 from Baikonur Cosmodrome launch pad 110/37. Buran was lifted into space, on an unmanned mission, by the specially designed Energia rocket. The automated launch sequence performed as specified, and the Energia rocket lifted the vehicle into a temporary orbit before the orbiter separated as programmed. After boosting itself to a higher orbit and completing two orbits around the Earth, the сombined propulsion system engines fired automatically to begin the descent into the atmosphere, return to the launch site, and horizontal landing on a runway. After making an automated approach to Site 251 (known as Yubileyniy Airfield), Buran touched down under its own control at 06:24:42 UTC and came to a stop at 06:25:24, 206 minutes after launch. Despite a lateral wind speed of 61.2 kilometres per hour (38.0 mph), Buran landed only 3 metres (9.8 ft) laterally and 10 metres (33 ft) longitudinally from the target mark. It was the first space shuttle to perform an unmanned flight, including landing in fully automatic mode. It was later found that Buran had lost only eight of its 38,000 thermal tiles over the course of its flight. 🤍
Split-screen views comparing Buran (Soviet) and Space Shuttle (American) landings. Both flights are from 1988 (Buran 1.01 and Atlantis STS-27). The footage is initially timed based on wheel touchdown. Buran comes to a stop sooner, so after that the footage is replayed from an alternate angle, now timed to wheel stop. Buran was fully automated (uncrewed) for this first orbital flight. The US shuttle landed under pilot control. Buran footage from buran.ru Research, editing, and processing by Retro Space HD. = The only orbital launch of a Buran-class orbiter, 1K1 (first orbiter, first flight) occurred at 03:00:02 UTC on 15 November 1988 from Baikonur Cosmodrome launch pad 110/37. Buran was lifted into space, on an uncrewed mission, by the specially designed Energia rocket. The automated launch sequence performed as specified, and the Energia rocket lifted the vehicle into a temporary orbit before the orbiter separated as programmed. After boosting itself to a higher orbit and completing two orbits around the Earth, the ODU (сombined propulsion system) engines fired automatically to begin the descent into the atmosphere, return to the launch site, and horizontal landing on a runway. After making an automated approach to Site 251, Buran touched down under its own control at 06:24:42 UTC and came to a stop at 06:25:24, 206 minutes after launch. Despite a lateral wind speed of 61.2 kilometers per hour (38.0 mph), Buran landed only 3 meters (9.8 ft) laterally and 10 meters (33 ft) longitudinally from the target mark. It was the first spaceplane to perform an uncrewed flight, including landing in fully automatic mode. It was later found that Buran had lost only eight of its 38,000 thermal tiles over the course of its flight. = A special thanks to the channel supporters ( 🤍 ): Asbjørn Drew Granston Francis Bernier Gary Smith Gio Pagliari Jan Strzelecki Jeff Pleimling Jules E Kevin Spencer Michael Pennington Nathan Koga Noah Soderquist Ryan Hardy Scott Manley #buran #soviet #shuttle
Footage of the first launch of the Soviet Union's space shuttle, Buran. Buran blasted off carried by the Energia heavy-lift rocket. The launch took place in 1988
Subscribe: 🤍 It was not really until the climax of the Space Race that the US gained the upper hand against the USSR in space exploration. When Neil Armstrong landed on the moon in 1969, America was finally regarded as the victor. Nonetheless, the USSR was ready to retaliate through the KGB and began a more unconventional campaign to make sure it wasn't going to be left behind. The Soviets enlisted hundreds of spies that successfully obtained both classified and public intelligence related to the American Space Program. Thanks to its clandestine efforts, the Soviet Union was able to steal the first US shuttle design during an operation that took place in the late '70s and early '80s. The Russians called their carbon-copy space shuttle the Buran or Blizzard. This is an intriguing tale of the competition between the Cold War's two great powers, filled with politics, paranoia, war, and what historians have called the first recorded case of online spying...
LKS was a strange mini Soviet Space Shuttle concept, that was proposed as an alternative to the well known and loved Buran Space Shuttle. While Buran and it's Energia rocket are quite well known in the space community, LKS seems to have faded into relative obscurity and deserves a little spotlight. LKS had some curious aspects to it, and in hindsight might have been a better choice. What do you think about LKS? Special thanks go to "Lunar Orbit" Patreon supporters MrKumquat, Dashane Du Plessis. Consider supporting me on Patreon to gain access to our Discord community, early previews, progress updates and more 🤍 You can join Simply Space on... Reddit: 🤍 Twitter: 🤍 Facebook: 🤍
🤍 Facebook. Advances, pictures, details, comments. The Buran spacecraft (Snowstorm), GRAU index 11F35 K1 was a Russian (Soviet) orbital vehicle analogous in function and design to the US Space Shuttle and developed by Chief Designer Gleb Lozino-Lozinskiy of Energia rocket corporation. To this day, Buran remains the only space shuttle vehicle from the Soviet Buran program that was launched into space before the program closure. The Buran completed one unmanned spaceflight in 1988. There were four other Buran shuttles named OK-1K2 Ptichka, OK-2K1 Baikal, Shuttle 2.02 and Shuttle 2.03 which some flew only the test flights and were incomplete. The program was cancelled in 1993. In 2002, the Buran was destroyed when the hangar in which it was stored, at the Baikonur cosmodrome, collapsed. 1988 November 15. Unmanned test of Soviet shuttle. Landed November 15, 1988 06:25 GMT. Buran was first moved to the launch pad on 23 October 1988. The launch commission met on 26 October 1988 and set 29 October 06:23 Moscow time for the first flight of the first Buran orbiter (Flight 1K1). 51 seconds before the launch, when control of the countdown switched to automated systems, a software problem led the computer program to abort the lift-off. The problem was found to be due to late separation of a gyro update umbilical. The software problem was rectified and the next attempt was set for 15 November at 06:00 (03:00 GMT). Came the morning, the weather was snow flurries with 20 m/s winds. Launch abort criteria were 15 m/s. The launch director decided to press ahead anyway. After 12 years of development everything went perfectly. Buran, with a mass of 79.4 tonnes, separated from the Block Ts core and entered a temporary orbit with a perigee of -11.2 km and apogee of 154.2 km. At apogee Burn executed a 66.6 m/s manoeuvre and entered a 251 km x 263 km orbit of the earth. In the payload bay was the 7150 kg module 37KB s/n 37071. The 37KB modules, similar to the Kvant module of the Mir space station, were to be standard on the early Buran flights. 140 minutes into the flight retrofire was accomplished with a total delta-v of 175 m/s. 206 minutes after launch, accompanied by Igor Volk in a MiG-25 chase plane, Buran touched down at 260 km/hr in a 17 m/s crosswind at the Jubilee runway, with a 1620 m landing rollout. The completely automatic launch, orbital manoeuvre, deorbit, and precision landing of an airliner-sized spaceplane on its very first flight was an unprecedented accomplishment of which the Soviets were justifiably proud. It completely vindicated the years of exhaustive ground and flight test that had debugged the systems before they flew. But this triumph was also the last hurrah. Buran would never fly again. The Soviet Union was crumbling, and the ambitious plans to use Buran to build an orbiting defense shield, to renew the ozone layer, dispose of nuclear waste, illuminate polar cities, colonize the moon and Mars, were not to be. Although never officially cancelled, funding dried up and completely disappeared from the government's budget after 1993. Originally three flight orbiters were to be built, but this was increased to 5 in 1983. Structurally the first three orbiters were essentially completed, while the extra two remained unbuilt except for the engine units The final Buran test flight plan at the beginning of 1989 was as follows: Flight 2 (2K1) - fourth quarter 1991 - first flight of second orbiter, one to two days unmanned, with 37KB s/n 37071. Flight 3 (2K2) - first or second quarter 1992 - second orbiter, seven to eight day unmanned flight with payload 37KB s/n 37271. The orbiter would open the payload bay doors, operate the manipulator arm, dock with Mir, and return to earth. Flight 4 (1K2) - 1993 - unmanned, second flight of first orbiter, 15-20 days with 37KB s/n 37270 Flight 5 (3K1) - 1994 or 1995 - first flight of third orbiter. First manned flight; the third orbiter was the first outfitted with life support systems and ejection seats. Two cosmonauts would deliver the 37KBI module to Mir, using the Buran manipulator arm to dock it to the station's Kristal module. Mir-2 was the latest "Mir" station replacement project. Designed by RKK "Energia" it should be started at the beginning of the 1996 and be finished no later than 1999. Unfortunately it was never done, but some of the station elements ("Zvezda", "Pirs", NEP) are build and now form core of the russian segment of the ISS. Description: The station would consist of the DOS-8 core module and a cross beam called the NEP (Science Power Platform). This was equipped with MSB retractable solar panels, remote controlled thruster packages and small scientific packages. Four 3 to 4 tonnes mission modules were planned.
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